Vulva is an area which is one of the woman reproductive organs and involves big and small lips, clitoris and vagina entrance. %3 of the woman’s cancer is vulva cancer. Frequently, it occurs after the ages of menopause. Most part of the vulva cancer is squamoz cancer.
Vulva cancers cause damages on the tissues and organs by locally growing. Firstly it appears as cyst in vulva. By time, it spreads to the organs in vulva, urethra and vagina. Lastly, it reaches to the lymph vessels and spreads to the whole body.
COMPLAİNİNG: vulva appears on the skin as stiffening and blistering and most women realize this difference. It should be known that color changing on vulva skin can cause cancer. The first diagnosis of vulva cancer is vulva itch which does not respond to the treatment. For the women for which different drug treatment has been tried for the itch continuing for a long time and itch complaining has not been removed, vulva cancer risk should be remembered.
DİAGNOSİS: Diagnosis is put through with the sample’s pathological survey which is taken from the suspected area. When the vulva cancer is suspected, the taken biopsy diagnoses under local anesthesia on a normal gynecological table without pain. A tool called kolposkop is used with the aim of taking biopsy easily from the right point and diagnosing the vulva cancer on the beginning process. Kolposkop provides the possibility of better survey by enlarging the vulva area 10-40 times.
TREATMENT: Extracting the vulva surgically is a principle treatment. Extracting the groin lymph can be added to this process. Extracting the vulva does not cause sexual disorder. Radiotherapy after surgery is used for the advanced diseases.